Kings of Macedon, Philip II. 359-336 BC

Kings of Macedon, Philip II. 359-336 BC


Pella. AV Stater, 8.55g (17mm, 12h). Laureate head of Apollo r. / Quadriga with charioteer right. Cantharus symbol below forelegs of horses. ΦΙΛΠΠΟY in exergue.

Pedigree: Ex Münzen und Medaillen list 350, 1973, no. 4

References: Le Rider p. 177, 454b (this coin)

Grade: Some minor marks and a few bumps on the edges. Slight wear but overall clear imagery and pleasant in hand. Good VF (gk1303)

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The father of Alexander III, Philip II was powerful in his own right. Philip was the youngest son of Amyntas III and Eurydice I.  He was part of the Argead family line that began around 700 BC and were rulers of Macedon through 300 BC. They reportedly migrated from the city of Argos, hence the name Argead.  

Militarily, Philip II was very successful and he managed to strengthen the Macedonian Empire.  He was also athletic, actually winning with his race horse in the Olympic Games in 356, the same year of his son Alexander’s birth.  

Philip II reign came to sudden close in 336 BC when at the marriage of his daughter, Cleopatra to Alexander I of Epirus, he was murdered by his bodyguard Pausanias. There is sheer speculation on why Pausanias killed him, either being put up to the task by Philip’s wife (and Alexander’s mother) Olympia or as retaliation in a dispute he had with the general Attalus where Philip sided with Attalus and not with Pausanias. Regardless, with Philip gone, his son Alexander III then took over as king.