Caracalla. 198-217 AD. Phoenicia, Sidon, Struck 215-217 AD

Caracalla. 198-217 AD. Phoenicia, Sidon, Struck 215-217 AD

1,350.00

AR Tetradrachm, 12.50g (27mm, 12h). AVT KAI AN-TωNINOC CЄ, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / ΔHMAPX ЄΞ VΠATOC Δ, eagle standing facing, head left, with wings spread, holding wreath in beak; carriage of Astarte between legs.

Pedigree: From the Michel Prieur Collection.

References: Prieur 1362 (this coin illustrated); Bellinger 293

Grade: EF, lightly toned (re1082)

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Caracalla was a member of the Severan dynasty, the son of the founder and Roman emperor Septimius Severus. Caracalla is likely most remembered for his hatred and disdain of his younger brother Geta. So strong was this dislike that he had Geta killed by centurions in the arms of his mother Julia Domna. He then proceeded to literally wipe Geta’s existence from the historical record. He enacted a damnatio memoriae in which Geta’s image was destroyed ranging from statues to coins.

Caracalla didn’t live much longer than his brother dying at the young at of 29. His biggest contribution to the Roman people was the Antonine Constitution, better known as the Caracalla Edict of 212 which allowed Roman citizenship to nearly all freemen in the Roman Empire. Other notable achievements were the construction of the famous baths of Caracalla, as well as the introduction of a new denomination, the antoninianus, which was approximately a double denarius in weight.

Caracalla was killed in 217 BC by a disgruntled soldier and was replaced by the short lived Macrinus.