Julian II. 360-363 AD. Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. 1st officina. Struck AD 361

Julian II. 360-363 AD. Lugdunum (Lyon) mint. 1st officina. Struck AD 361

875.00

AR Siliqua, 2.44g (17.5mm, 6h).  Pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right / VOTIS/ V/ MVLTIS/ X in four lines within wreath

Pedigree: Ex 1887 East Harptree, Somerset Hoard (IRBCH 1424)

References: RIC VIII 227; Lyon 268; RSC 163†b

Grade: Beautiful iridescent toning. EF . (re1089)

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Julian II was also known as Julian “the Apostate”. The reason for this is due to Julian’s determination to divert the Roman world away from Christianity and become more Hellenized. In addition to his being a soldier, Julian was known as a philosopher and Greek author. 

Julian was a member of the Constantinian Dynasty and while he was orphaned early on in life, he still came under the protection of the ruler and his family. He was made Caesar over the western provinces in 355 AD under Constantius II. Trouble arose however when he was victorious in battle against the Alamanni and Franks (both Germanic tribes). So popular was Julian that his soldiers proclaimed him Augustus in 360 AD on the battle ground in Lutetia (modern day Paris). Constantius II was angered by this and was prompted to fight for his throne but in the interim he died and just prior did indeed make Julian his rightful successor. 

After sustaining mortal wounds during a battle against the Sassanids he succumbed to death forcing his imprisoned soldiers to cede territory to the Persian forces.

Julian was the last non-Christian ruler of the Roman Empire.