C. Valerius Flaccus. Massalia, 82 BC

C. Valerius Flaccus. Massalia, 82 BC

1,050.00 1,200.00

AR Denarius, 3.92g (18mm, 6h). Draped bust of Victory to right; winged caduceus to left / Legionary aquila flanked by two signa, one marked H (hastati), the other marked P (principes).

Pedigree: Ex CNG 97, 17 September 2014, lot 600. Ex J. Schulman 248 (19 November 1968), lot 292 (lot includes auction envelope erroneously dated 11-25-68)

References: Crawford 365/1a. Sydenham 747a; Valeria 12

Grade: Good VF, toned, some deposits  (rr1018)

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Slightly different from most of the Republican series, this coin from the moneyer C. Valerius Flaccus was actually struck in Massalia, or modern day Marseille in 82 BC. Massalia, which was considered southern Gaul was originally a Greek city state from around 600 BC with settlers from Phokaia in western Turkey. During the Second Punic War, the Massalians sided with the Roman Republic against Carthage which may explain why coins were struck there during the Republican time period. Massalia continued to prosper under the care of the Republic but this changed in 49 BC when the people supported the faction against Julius Caesar, the Optimates. The Optimates wanted the Senate to have more power over the popular assemblies and the tribunes of the plebians. During the Caesar’s Civil Wars, Massalia’s independence was taken.